Short Circuit Fire incidents in the UK

Short Circuit Fire incidents in the UKA fire on a Boeing Dreamliner jet parked at London& Heathrow Airport in Aug 19 , 2013 was most likely

caused by a short-circuit, BritainAir Accident Investigation Branch (AAIB) said in its final report on the incident on Wednesday.

the AAIB believes that the fire, which started in the jet emergency locator transmitter (ELT), damaged

the aircraft rear fuselage as it stood empty on a remote stand.


Runways at Heathrow, Europe busiest airport, were briefly closed as fire-fighters dealt with the blaze on

the 787-Dreamliner operated by Ethiopian Airlines.

Since the incident the AAIB has already made 14 safety recommendations and Boeing and the U.S.

aviation regulator, the FAA, have undertaken safety actions.


In addition, ELT manufacturer Honeywell is redesigning the unit using the AAIB findings.

The blaze in July 2013 came at a difficult time for the Dreamliner. The jet had only recently restarted

flying following a three month-grounding by regulators earlier that year on concerns over its batteries


How to measure Fire Risk Assessment

Fire safety TrainingBuilding establishment must do a fire safety risk assessment and keep it up dated.

Based on the assessment, employers need to ensure that adequate and appropriate fire safety measures are

in place to minimise the risk of injury or loss of life in the event of a fire.

To prevent fire in the workplace, your risk assessment should identify what could cause a fire to start, ie

sources of ignition and substances that burn, and the people who may be at risk.

As soon as you have identified the risks, you can take proper action to control them. Consider whether

you can avoid them altogether or, if this is not possible, how you can reduce the risks and manage them.

Also consider how you will protect people if there is a fire.

ï‚· Carry out a fire safety risk assessment

ï‚· Have the correct fire-fighting equipment for putting a fire out quickly

ï‚· Review and update your risk assessment regularly

ï‚· Avoid accidental fires, eg make sure heaters cannot be knocked over

ï‚· Keep fire exits and escape routes clearly marked and unobstructed at all times

ï‚· Keep sources of ignition and flammable substances apart

ï‚· Ensure good housekeeping at all times, eg avoid build-up of rubbish that could burn

ï‚· Consider how to detect fires and how to warn people quickly if they start, eg installing smoke

alarms and fire alarms or bells

ï‚· Ensure your workers receive appropriate training on procedures they need to follow, including

fire drills

High risk substances that cause fire and explosion. Work which involves the storage, use or creation of

chemicals, vapours, dusts etc that can readily burn or explode is hazardous. Each year people are injured

at work by flammable substances accidentally catching fire or exploding.

The hazards. Substances found in the workplace can cause fires or explosions. These range from the

obvious, eg flammable chemicals, petrol, cellulose paint thinners and welding gases, to the less obvious –

engine oil, grease, packaging materials, dusts from wood, flour and sugar.

It is important to be aware of the risks and to control or get rid of them to prevent accidents.

How important is Fire Alarms in the UK

Fire safety Training aegisFire alarm regulations may be perceived as pointless trouble by many business establishment owners,

renters or facilities managers. But in the event of a fire they might be able to save lives, prevent property

damages and save stock.

Research on statistics show fire alarms installed and maintained according to British Standards BS5839

save a lot of lives each year. Government figures show that there were 322 fire related deaths in Great

Britain between April 2013 and March 2014. There were also 9748 non-fatal casualties in fires at this

time. Fire and Rescue authorities attended a total of 505,600 fires or false alarms in Great Britain during

the same period, false alarms were accounted at 293,100, 3% lower than the year before.


It has been estimated that early warning systems that follow the fire alarm regulations can save at least

half of all lives lost in such fires and drastically reduce property damage. Parts of the fire safety

management plan are designed to prevent fires or put them out. The fire alarm’s role is remove the chance

of anyone getting hurt in case a fire does occur.

If you are a landlord, it is worth noting that most fatal residential fires usually occur at night, when people

in the house are sleeping. By the time they wake up when it’s already too late to escape. If these houses

and HMO’S had fire alarm systems, the residents could have been woken up by the alarm and save



If you are not sure what the fire alarm regulations are, you should follow my few tips to help you:

* Install the most appropriate detection system throughout the building according to the fire risk

assessment with the level of warning most appropriate to your business.

*  It is a requirement to perform a fire risk assessment according to the needs of your business or

properties. This will recommend the most suitable fire alarm for your premises and highlight all other fire

risks within the premises.

* Ensure that routine maintenance of your fire alarm systems is completed to the guidelines of no longer

that 6 months between visits. Maintenance of fire alarms is proved to reduce false alarms. This

maintenance should be documented and to hand in case of fire service inspections and for your own peace

of mind.


* Use electricians qualified in fire safety systems to do the installation and provide regular maintenance.

To make sure that the asset in early detection is worth it, you will need to have an emergency plan,

including emergency lighting to light the way in the event of power loss. The plan should be known by all

residents, employees and take into account any visitors. You will need to be able to demonstrate that this

plan has been communicated to the related parties through signage and training.

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Fire Evacuation Planning

Fire evacuation planningEmergency is an unexpected situation that put your employees, customers, or the public at risk;

disrupts or stops your operations; or causes physical or property damage.

Emergencies may be natural or manmade and include the following:

Floods, Hurricanes, Tornadoes, Fires, Toxic gas releases, Chemical spills, Radiological accidents,

Explosions, Civil disturbances, and Workplace violence resulting in bodily harm and hazard.

The best way is to prepare to react to an emergency before it happens. Few can think clearly and

logically in a crisis, so it is vital to do so in advance, when you have time to be careful.


Discuss the worst-case scenarios. Ask yourself what you would do if the worst happened. What if a fire

broke out in your boiler room? Or a hurricane hit your building head-on? Or a train carrying hazardous

waste derailed while passing your loading dock? Once you have identified potential emergencies,

consider how they would affect you and your workers and how you would respond.


An emergency action plan covers designated actions employers and employees must take to ensure

employee safety from fire and other emergencies. Not all employers are required to establish an

emergency action plan. Even if you are not specifically required to do so, compiling an emergency action

plan is a good way to protect yourself, your employees, and your business during an emergency.

Putting together a comprehensive emergency action plan that deals with all types of issues specific to

your worksite is not difficult.


You may find it beneficial to include your management team and employees in the process. Explain your

goal of protecting lives and property in the event of an emergency, and ask for their help in establishing

and implementing your emergency action plan. Their commitment and support are critical to the plan’s


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The importance of fire safety training

importance of firesafety trainingIf you own a commercial property, you are required by law to secure everyone who lives in from

the threat of fire as far as is possible. This inludes assessing the danger and specific hazards

present within your environment and then installing appropriate fire safety measures

accordingly, including equipment such as fire alarm systems, fire extinguishers and emergency

It’s important that you don’t end there. Instead, it is incredibly beneficial to conduct fire safety

training for your staff, or chosen designated employees, to make it sure that they have the

knowledge to respond safely and effectively in the event of a fire.


If a fire breaks out in your commercial property, the first priority is to get all the people out of the

building as quickly as possible. But, no matter how many times people have been informed of

the evacuation procedures of fire protection and combat, the sound of a fire alarm can cause

chaos and all sense of cognitive, reasonable action can be forgotten.


This is usually put down to the fact that an emergency situation elicits unknown feelings and

reactions that are stressful, intense and require an immediate response. However, specialized

in fire safety believe that training, knowledge and practical experience can cause behaviour to

be modified, preparing people for how to deal with a fire, and they suggest that this will lead to

the best chance of a safe and methodical evacuation being conducted.


Therefore, safety training courses have been developed to arm your employees, or selected

members of your team, with the necessary knowledge and technical ability should a fire ever

Most fire safety courses offer a mix of classroom-based learning and practical training

experience, educating attendees on how to respond in the event of an emergency, how to use

fire protection equipment, how different types of fire can start and the best ways to neutralize

The programme of instruction take trainee through the subject of fire on a step by step basis,

from initial basic knowledge on the ways fire develops, and what can accelerate it, to more

advanced modes of protection, including what type of fire equipment should be applied to

varying kinds of fire. They also include training on evacuation procedures and attendees will be

tutored on how to best gauge the safest exits, how to help vulnerable individuals out of the

building and how to best cope with the fear and panic associated with an emergency.

There are lots of fire safety training courses available – from Basic Fire Safety Awareness

Training to Fire Warden Training.


Basic Fire Safety Awareness training is developed to equip you with all the basic skills and

knowledge required in the event of a fire, such as what to do if you discover a fire, locating and

using extinguishers and evacuation routes, and the best way to deal with vulnerable individuals,

such as the elderly and disabled.


Fire Warden Training covers all the aspects of Basic Fire Safety Awareness, but additionally

deals with undertaking the role of Fire Warden within your environment. Therefore, they will

learn about the responsibilities and duties associated with the role and will receive practical

knowledge about undertaking efficient and orderly evacuations.

Depending on your environment, your purposes and what you aim to achieve from the fire

safety course, different courses will suit different companies.

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Tips on how use fire extinguisher in the UK

tips on how to use fire extinguisherBefore using your fire extinguisher, be sure to read the instructions before it's too late. Although there are

many different types of fire extinguishers, all of them operate in a similar manner.

How to use Water Extinguishers

Water fire extinguishers are appropriate for use on class A fires involving solid combustible materials such

as wood, paper and textiles. Each fire should tackled differently depending on how the fire is spreading.

Before attempting to tackle a fire with an extinguishers you need to make sure that the extinguisher is

1. make sure that the extinguisher is fully charged by ensuring the pressure gauge is in the green

area and that the safety pin is not bent

2. Check that there is no live electrical equipment in the area

3. Ensure you remain a safe distance from the fire and remove the safety pin this will break the tamper

4. Where to aim the fire extinguisher hose:

o Fires spreading horizontally: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, moving the jet across the area of

o Fire spreading vertically: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, slowly moving the jet upwards following

the direction of the fire

5. Squeeze the lever slowly to begin discharging the extinguisher, as the fire starts to diminish carefully

move closer to it

6. Ensure all the fire has been extinguished, try to focus on any hot spots that may re-ignite

How to use Foam Extinguishers

Foam fire extinguishers are suitable for use on class A and class B fires but should be used differently

depending on which type of fire they are being used on.

Before attempting to tackle a fire with an extinguishers you need to make sure that the extinguisher is

1. Check that the extinguisher is fully charged by ensuring the presure gaugue is in the green area and

that the safety pin is not bent

2. Ensure you remain a safe distance from the fire and remove the safety pin (Fig.3) this will break the

3. Where to aim the fire extinguisher hose:

o Flammable liquids: Aim the hose at a vertical surface near the fire, do not spray directly at the fire as

this could cause the fire to be pushed and spread to surrounding areas. Foam extinguishers allow a

build up of foam across the surface of the fire causing it to be smothered.

o Electrical fires: If your foam extinguisher is tested to 35000 Volt (35kV) you can use the extinguishers

on live electrical fires. However, keep a safety distance of 1m.

o Solid combustibles: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, moving across the area of the fire

4. Squeeze the lever slowly to begin discharging the extinguisher, as the fire starts to diminish carefully

move closer to it

5. Ensure all of the fire has been extinguished; the foam creates a blanket over the fire and helps to

prevent re-ignition.

How to use CO2 Extinguishers

CO2 fire extinguishers are suitable for use on class B and electrical fires but should be used differently

depending on which type of fire they are being used on.


Kinds of Fires

kinds of fire in the UKKinds of Fires are classified by the types of fuel they burn.

Class A

Class A Fires compose of common combustibles such as wood, paper, trash or something else

that leaves an ash. Water works best to extinguish a Class A fire.

Class B

Class B Fires are fueled by combustible liquids, which include oil, gasoline, and other similar

materials. Smothering effects which reduce the oxygen supply work best to extinguish Class B


Class C

This sort of fire may be caused by short-circuiting machinery or overloaded electrical cables.

These fires can be a severe hazard to firefighters using water or other conductive agents, as

electricity may be conducted from the fire, through water, to the firefighters body, and then

earth. Electrical shocks have caused many firefighter deaths.

Electrical fire may be fought in the same way as an ordinary combustible fire, but water, foam,

and other conductive agents are not to be used. While the fire is or possibly could be electrically

energized, it can be fought with any extinguishing agent rated for electrical fire. Carbon dioxide

CO 2 , NOVEC 1230, FM-200 and dry chemical powder extinguishers such as PKP and even

baking soda are especially suited to extinguishing this sort of fire. PKP should be a last resort

solution to extinguishing the fire due to its corrosive tendencies. Once electricity is shut off to

the equipment involved, it will generally become an ordinary combustible fire.


In Europe, "electrical fires" are no longer recognized as a separate class of fire as electricity itself

cannot burn. The items around the electrical sources may burn. By turning the electrical source

off, the fire can be fought by one of the other class of fire extinguishers

Class D

Class D Fires are combustible metal fires. Magnesium and Titanium are the most familiar types

of metal fires. Once a metal ignites do not use water in an attempt to extinguish it. Only use a

Dry Powder extinguishing agent. Dry powder agents work by smothering and heat absorption.

Class K

Class K fires involve unsaturated cooking oils in well-insulated cooking appliances located in

commercial kitchens.


Fires that involve cooking oils or fats are designated Class K" under the American system, and

"Class F" under the European/Australasian systems. Though such fires are technically a subclass

of the flammable liquid/gas class, the special characteristics of these types of fires, namely the

higher flash point, are considered important enough to recognize separately. Watermist can be

used to extinguish such fires. Appropriate fire extinguishers may also have hoods over them that

help extinguish the fire. Sometimes fire blankets are used to stop a fire in a kitchen or on a stove.

Sound like a lot?


An simple way to keep in mind these types of Fires is (beat) Class A leaves an Ash, (beat) Class

B boils,(beat) Class C has current (beat), and Class D has Dense Material (beat), And don’t

forget the most overlooked, Class K for Kitchen.

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How to Prevent Fire Outbreaks

Fire Safety TrainingFire Outbreaks Prevention designs, supply, install and maintain Fire Sprinkler Systems, Fire

Alarms and Fire Extinguishers.  Combined with these core activities and our landlord safety

checks we also provide Fire Risk Assessment and Fire Safety Training.


Our Fire Marshal, who works closely with architects, developers and local authorities, can offer

Fire Safety Solutions in compliance with current building standards throughout the UK.

Domestic and Residential Sprinkler Systems are a large part of our core work and we have been

involved in many different sizes and types of installations. These range from two sprinkler heads

within a flat to large new build properties plus five-storey town house retro-fit installations.

A lot of our work involves a practical (hands on) aspect. Installation of Fire and Smoke

Detection, smoke management and Fire Fighting Equipment. Simple fire blanket and smoke

detector for a rental property, larger fire alarm systems for HMO properties along with Fire

Extinguishers and Domestic/Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems.

Fire Risk Assessment, Fire Safety Training and Legislative Requirements can often be the items

that many companies let fall by the wayside. Learn how to conduct Full Fire Risk Assessment,

and bespoke Fire Safety Training no matter which industry or type of premises you occupy.

Install also Fire Alarm Systems and Fire Extinguishers for many types of retail, office and

commercial buildings also.

Talk to any fire consultant and expert through any fire safety related issues you may have. This

may be simply choosing the correct Fire Extinguisher or finding a Fire Engineered Solution to a

building standards matter where the need for upgraded Fire Alarm Systems or Fire Sprinklers

may need to be considered.

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Brands used for catering equipment in the UK

caterReputable restaurants and food centers use catering equipment that are designed with high level of precision and exercise. These kits are important materials for managing a good business. Many innovations are noticed in the course of preparing and serving cuisines to the customers. Hotel industry is booming and if you want to get your share in the pie you need to select the right catering gadget. But first and foremost you need to know what it is all about!

Different types of catering equipment (including cooking, oven and refrigeration equipment) are used in the hotels or food centers to make the method easy. Utensils, cutlery and tableware instruments, as we all know, are quite commonly found in the kitchens. There are many stores and shops that offer catering equipment. Catering kits suppliers specialize in certain areas, such as, crockery or refrigeration. Many dealers offer all the varieties of kitchen equipments. You can get all the required items from these dealers.

Food equipments are produced in many parts of the world. Some kits are made to meet the demands of the small workshops or workplaces whereas other kits are mass produced by the industries or factories and distributed all over the world. Manufacturers create kitchen equipments that differ in price and quality. Some fabrication types of equipments are manufactured in China. Some of these kits are available at affordable prices. But the buyers should consider many factors before purchasing these catering equipments. One should buy these items from a reputed dealer or supplier.

Catering equipments are used both for residential and commercial purposes. We can hardly do any work in the kitchen without certain equipments. Can you imagine working in a kitchen without a knife? It is almost impossible. With the change in trend and lifestyle, many highly improved quality catering equipments are out in the market. Consumers as well as businessmen are opting for these kits, with high technological innovations, to use them in their kitchens. Food service equipment are used by local authorities, homeowners, restaurants, hospitals and even in schools to prepare and serve the foods in a better way. There are some essential sectors where catering equipments are widely used. They can be grouped as; schools or other educational institutions, medical centers, offices, caterers, takeaways, bars, pubs and restaurants. Many other areas are also there where these catering equipments are used.

Local dealers used to sell catering equipments. They had contacts with the showrooms and warehouses in trading these items. Salesmen are also hired by many catering equipment companies to advertise their products by proper demonstration. This type of business process is quite expensive. Auctions were arranged to sell the second hand and new equipments. But in most cases, warranties were not given.

Nowadays people can buy these products online. It saves time and money. The concept of auction has become old. anyone can check out the designs and patterns of the items from the net. It is one of the convenient ways of purchasing an equipment for catering.


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What is Fire Evacuation Mask in the UK

mask onThe fire men use evacuation masks to get people out of burning houses or establishments. As every

second counts, it should be strongly recommended to private and companies to have evacuation masks

available. This will enable them to take immediate action if the smoke detector gives alarm signals. Thus

no valuable seconds will be lost’. ‘The Smoke mask is a useful supplement to the existing auxiliary tools.

As a result of the enormous smoke fumes, however, people often get panicky. It is obvious that smoke is

the number one enemy in fire. There dozens of people die due to the escape of noxious elements yearly.

The Smoke mask is one means of leaving the building fast and safely as the person’s lungs are protected.

Therefore people will remain calmer and may deal with the situation more effectively’. ‘Another

advantage of the Smoke mask is that it is easy to use. One has only to open the airtight tin-package and

pull it over one’s head. The filter is activated directly. Thus people will receive sufficient oxygen, they

will remain fully conscious and will be able to find the (emergency) exit. The Smoke mask has been

tested extensively and satisfies all demands. The mask is vacuum packed. It consists of fire resistant

material. Moreover it protects for at least 15 minutes. Experience has taught us that a quarter of an

hour is sufficient to escape safely from a burning building’.

Fire safety is of interest at present. Fast and efficient action is, of course, of vital importance. Preventive

measures such as smoke detectors, fire blankets and fire extinguishers all play an important role.

Nevertheless experience shows that it is the strong smoke fumes at the start of a fire which leads to

most fatalities. Smoke in the eyes, disorientation and the escape of poisonous gases hamper attempts to

leave a building in time. Moreover it is indispensable for a fast and a safe evacuation in the case of fire

or smoke fumes. The Smoke mask is resistant to a heat of 800 º Celsius. Thanks to the heat-resisting

visor the wearer’s vision remains unaffected. Thus the people can leave the building without panic.

The Smoke mask evacuation mask offers at least 15 minutes protection against the fast smoke fumes

and all escaping toxic gases according to the EN403 norm. The mask has been tested extensively. It

actually tested to over 60 minutes. The first purifying layer filters the smoke and soot particles. In the

second purifying filtration part the poisonous gases are stopped. Then remaining carbon monoxide is

converted into carbon dioxide by means of a catalyst. A final layer will then absorb this chemical

element. Within seconds one can breathe again safely.

Recent figures show that annually dozens of people die in fires. Moreover hundreds of people with

serious injuries will have to be hospitalised. The Smoke mask may change this. The evacuation mask is

appropriate for single only. The filter is guaranteed for five years after production. The presence of the

Smoke Mask is reassuring. However, by no means it is meant to replace the task of the professional fire

brigade. The Smoke mask only procures a safe and fast self-evacuation. At home and at school, in offices

and workshops, discos, hotels, health centres and other places where many people meet. For

international truck and bus drivers (tunnels) and businessmen (hotels) the presence of a Smoke mask

can be of vital importance.

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