Tips on how use fire extinguisher in the UK

tips on how to use fire extinguisherBefore using your fire extinguisher, be sure to read the instructions before it's too late. Although there are

many different types of fire extinguishers, all of them operate in a similar manner.

How to use Water Extinguishers

Water fire extinguishers are appropriate for use on class A fires involving solid combustible materials such

as wood, paper and textiles. Each fire should tackled differently depending on how the fire is spreading.

Before attempting to tackle a fire with an extinguishers you need to make sure that the extinguisher is

1. make sure that the extinguisher is fully charged by ensuring the pressure gauge is in the green

area and that the safety pin is not bent

2. Check that there is no live electrical equipment in the area

3. Ensure you remain a safe distance from the fire and remove the safety pin this will break the tamper

4. Where to aim the fire extinguisher hose:

o Fires spreading horizontally: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, moving the jet across the area of

o Fire spreading vertically: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, slowly moving the jet upwards following

the direction of the fire

5. Squeeze the lever slowly to begin discharging the extinguisher, as the fire starts to diminish carefully

move closer to it

6. Ensure all the fire has been extinguished, try to focus on any hot spots that may re-ignite

How to use Foam Extinguishers

Foam fire extinguishers are suitable for use on class A and class B fires but should be used differently

depending on which type of fire they are being used on.

Before attempting to tackle a fire with an extinguishers you need to make sure that the extinguisher is

1. Check that the extinguisher is fully charged by ensuring the presure gaugue is in the green area and

that the safety pin is not bent

2. Ensure you remain a safe distance from the fire and remove the safety pin (Fig.3) this will break the

3. Where to aim the fire extinguisher hose:

o Flammable liquids: Aim the hose at a vertical surface near the fire, do not spray directly at the fire as

this could cause the fire to be pushed and spread to surrounding areas. Foam extinguishers allow a

build up of foam across the surface of the fire causing it to be smothered.

o Electrical fires: If your foam extinguisher is tested to 35000 Volt (35kV) you can use the extinguishers

on live electrical fires. However, keep a safety distance of 1m.

o Solid combustibles: Aim the hose at the base of the fire, moving across the area of the fire

4. Squeeze the lever slowly to begin discharging the extinguisher, as the fire starts to diminish carefully

move closer to it

5. Ensure all of the fire has been extinguished; the foam creates a blanket over the fire and helps to

prevent re-ignition.

How to use CO2 Extinguishers

CO2 fire extinguishers are suitable for use on class B and electrical fires but should be used differently

depending on which type of fire they are being used on.


How many fire extinguishers should I have, and what kind?

How many fire extinguishers should I have, and what kind (2)

The number and kinds of fire extinguishers you require depends on the nature of

your business and the risks involved. The best way to evaluate these risks is to

undertake a Fire Risk Assessment, which is also part of your legal obligation as a

business owner.

It’s not easy to gauge but, as a general rule, you will need one water-based

extinguisher such as water, water additive (the best option for most) or foam (3

litre or bigger) for every 2000 square foot or 200 square metres of floor space. This

is per floor.

The extinguisher must have a minimum fire rating of 13A and this will be near the

top of the front label on any approved extinguisher – so 21A or 34A is even better

than 13A.

Once you have a water-based fire extinguisher, you are likely to have electrical

risks such as computers, retail lighting, fridges, machinery, servers, electric

forklifts, etc. This will need a CO2 extinguisher and it makes sense to have a pairing

of CO2 and water-based for every fire point. The 2kg is by far the more popular but

the 5kg CO2 size would be better for server rooms, machinery, industrial, etc.

What Types Of Fire Extinguishers do I Need?

As above, this depends on the type of business you undertake, but here are a few

examples to help you start assessing the range required.

For larger area of responsibility such as a car dealership that has a showroom,

office, workshop, store and flammable storage, you need to break this down and

consider each area on its own. So here you have office, showroom and store that

probably have similar needs whereas the workshop and flammable areas have

different needs.

On the other hand, it is best not to have too many different types on the same

premises if possible as this adds to confusion in a panic. So, if you have foam in the

workshop, use foam as the water-based one in the office area.

If you have numerous risks such as a garage workshop, powder may be better as

your fire may include wood, paper, paint and fuel all at the same time. In a garage

workshop we would recommend powder for general use and CO2 for small welding

fires but the office area would still need water-based ones as powder will make a

mess. In an office or hotel or nursing home, powder would make a dust cloud that

may stop people from finding exits.

A commercial kitchen should have a combination of fire blankets, wet chemical

extinguishers for any deep fat dryers, plus C02 for electrical fires.

How do I dispose of a fire extinguisher?

fire extinguisherFire Protection Recycling provide fire extinguisher disposal through the safe and guaranteed

recycling of fire extinguishers and fire protection equipment.  This service is available to

extinguisher servicing companies, business premises, leisure and retail sectors.  Councils and

public sector buildings, facilities management companies and fire fighting services in the UK

and Europe can also benefit.

Most household waste recycling centres will accept fire extinguishers and some local authorities

will accept them as a part of the regular household rubbish providing they are placed in 2 heavy

duty plastic bags and placed with the rest of the bags of waste. Many companies which supply

fire extinguishers will be happy to accept the extinguisher back so that they can refill it and

reuse the device or they can arrange for its recycling using their own approved recycling routes.

All extinguishers contain different substances which are used to dowse fires and these

substances are removed and recycled. Gases are captured and compressed and then used as

fuels, the remaining cyclinder has the valve knocked off and the metal cyclinder can then be

recycled using standard metal recycling techniques.

If the extinguisher is empty you can take it to your recycling centre or to a scrap dealer. If it is a

still full powder or foam extinguisher it is best to pass your extinguisher to the service engineers

when he /she installs new fire extinguishers even though they will probably charge you. They

will responsibly dispose of the extinguisher (foams and powders are collected and used eg for

fertilisers). If you are a home user you can add small extinguishers to the household waste. If

you have large extinguishers it is best to ring a fire safety company for a collection price.

Water extinguishers can simply be emptied down the drain, CO2 fire extinguishers can be

discharged outside into the environment (careful, this can be very loud and the jet from a CO2

can freeze things as it is extremely cold). Don't be attempted to empty large powder

extinguishers – they make an awful mess!

You have several options to dispose of old fire extinguishers.

1) Find a re cycling centre that will take them

2) If they are discharged and small you can put them in the normal waste.

3) If they are still full there are specialist companies who will take them away for


4) Advertise them on an auction website for COLLECTION ONLY. There is an interest in

old extinguishers.

On the other hand, don’t rush into disposing of any old fire extinguishers that still have some

shelf life left. Safe but old fire extinguishers are ideal for fire training exercises, so your staff can

have real, hands-on experience of discharging an extinguisher in a controlled environment –

provided you have a suitable area.

Remember to take advice from your fire extinguisher manufacturer on clearing up the water,

foam or powder afterwards; only water-based extinguishers are safe to discharge down normal


Powder from extinguishers is generally biodegradeable, and can be disposed of into landfill

within sealed containers. AFFF foam can become an environmental issue if it affects

groundwater, so ensure it is washed away down sealed drains immediately (not land drains).

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Fire Extinguishers Help Advice in the UK

Fire Extinguishers Help & Advice in the U1K (1)Fire extinguishers are an essential element of fire protection and to ensure that the correct type

of extinguishers are specified and installed a site surveyshould ideally be carried out.

This guide has been designed to give an overview of fire classes, provide a basic understanding

of the different fire extinguisher types and their suitability and to demonstrate how fire

extinguishers can be used in an emergency.

Fire extinguishers are available with different extinguishing media. Each type of fire extinguisher

has a specific colour code which allows easy identification.

Fires are classified according to what type of combustible material is involved. Each fire class is

represented by a letter and/or symbol.

Learn about the different categories of electrical fire and which extinguishers can be used for

each type.

Find out what type of fire extinguishers should be installed in the various locations throughout a

building and how surrounding risks need to be accounted for.

Each type of fire should be approached differently depending on which type of fire the

extinguisher is being used. It can be dangerous to tackle a fire incorrectly.

A fire extinguisher buying guide with advice about what to look for when buying fire

extinguishers and what options are available during the checkout process. It is important to

ensure that fire extinguishers are serviced and maintained to ensure they are fully functional in

the event of fire.

It is essential to make sure that fire extinguishers are installed correctly to ensure that they are

easily recognised and available in the event of a fire.

An brief synopsis of our fire extinguisher range; comparing fire ratings and showing what types

of fire risk each extinguisher covers.

A guide to show how fire extinguisher can be damaged in transit if they are not correctly

protected. A helpful illustrated guide to help determine the age of a fire extinguisher using its

manufacturing date.

A helpful guide detailing how the cost of fire extinguisher provision can be reduced in schools

and academies. A brief guide detailing how to clean up after a fire extinguisher has been

discharged. A free reminder service to notify you when your extinguishers are due to be

serviced, refilled or replaced.

Why Health and Safety is Important to the UK PEOPLE

Health and Safety in the UKWhatever kind of business you have, there is always the risk of an accident or damage to

anybody's health. All work exposes worker to hazards, It can be: toxic substances; dangerous

machinery; electricity; loads which have to be manually handled working with display screen

equipment or even psychological hazards such as stress.

The reason there are not even more accidents and diseases caused by work is because systems

of prevention are in place which have been built up over generations. Safety does not come

about by accident: most accidents happen because they have not been prevented. Yet despite

all the precautions that are taken in the UK, there are still over 640, 000 1  workplace injuries

every year as well as 1.8 million 2  cases of ill health caused or made more by work.

27 million working days were lost cause to work-related illness and injury In 2011/12.  1

yet small businesses have accidents. Accident rates in small businesses can be higher than in

large operations

Giving importance to health and safety is not just about being responsible. It also makes good

business sense and you should regard it as just as important as the achievement of any other

key business objective.

Working out what modern health and safety law means for your business can be quite a

problem. Yes, on the face of it there do seem to be a lot of regulations and there is a lot of

supporting guidance, but the underlying principles are really quite straightforward.

For most part the law sets out certain health and safety goals to be achieved and indicates appropriate

'benchmarks' to help you work out whether your controls are up to 'reasonably practicable' standards.

There is an underlying requirement to reduce or eliminate hazards at source, or isolate people from

them before using other forms of control. Relying on the use of personal protective equipment – like

respirators or protective footwear – is a last resort and is only acceptable when all other options have


if you are the kind of person in overall control of your business, 'the buck stops with you', you cannot

achieve a safe and healthy working environment on your own. It has to be a team effort and you need to

consult your employees and, where appointed, their safety representatives. You need to get proper

health and safety co-ordination going with other businesses with which you come into contact such as

clients, customers, suppliers or contractors. You need to build ownership and commitment to safety

throughout your workforce.

Kinds of Fires

kinds of fire in the UKKinds of Fires are classified by the types of fuel they burn.

Class A

Class A Fires compose of common combustibles such as wood, paper, trash or something else

that leaves an ash. Water works best to extinguish a Class A fire.

Class B

Class B Fires are fueled by combustible liquids, which include oil, gasoline, and other similar

materials. Smothering effects which reduce the oxygen supply work best to extinguish Class B


Class C

This sort of fire may be caused by short-circuiting machinery or overloaded electrical cables.

These fires can be a severe hazard to firefighters using water or other conductive agents, as

electricity may be conducted from the fire, through water, to the firefighters body, and then

earth. Electrical shocks have caused many firefighter deaths.

Electrical fire may be fought in the same way as an ordinary combustible fire, but water, foam,

and other conductive agents are not to be used. While the fire is or possibly could be electrically

energized, it can be fought with any extinguishing agent rated for electrical fire. Carbon dioxide

CO 2 , NOVEC 1230, FM-200 and dry chemical powder extinguishers such as PKP and even

baking soda are especially suited to extinguishing this sort of fire. PKP should be a last resort

solution to extinguishing the fire due to its corrosive tendencies. Once electricity is shut off to

the equipment involved, it will generally become an ordinary combustible fire.


In Europe, "electrical fires" are no longer recognized as a separate class of fire as electricity itself

cannot burn. The items around the electrical sources may burn. By turning the electrical source

off, the fire can be fought by one of the other class of fire extinguishers

Class D

Class D Fires are combustible metal fires. Magnesium and Titanium are the most familiar types

of metal fires. Once a metal ignites do not use water in an attempt to extinguish it. Only use a

Dry Powder extinguishing agent. Dry powder agents work by smothering and heat absorption.

Class K

Class K fires involve unsaturated cooking oils in well-insulated cooking appliances located in

commercial kitchens.


Fires that involve cooking oils or fats are designated Class K" under the American system, and

"Class F" under the European/Australasian systems. Though such fires are technically a subclass

of the flammable liquid/gas class, the special characteristics of these types of fires, namely the

higher flash point, are considered important enough to recognize separately. Watermist can be

used to extinguish such fires. Appropriate fire extinguishers may also have hoods over them that

help extinguish the fire. Sometimes fire blankets are used to stop a fire in a kitchen or on a stove.

Sound like a lot?


An simple way to keep in mind these types of Fires is (beat) Class A leaves an Ash, (beat) Class

B boils,(beat) Class C has current (beat), and Class D has Dense Material (beat), And don’t

forget the most overlooked, Class K for Kitchen.

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How to Prevent Fire Outbreaks

Fire Safety TrainingFire Outbreaks Prevention designs, supply, install and maintain Fire Sprinkler Systems, Fire

Alarms and Fire Extinguishers.  Combined with these core activities and our landlord safety

checks we also provide Fire Risk Assessment and Fire Safety Training.


Our Fire Marshal, who works closely with architects, developers and local authorities, can offer

Fire Safety Solutions in compliance with current building standards throughout the UK.

Domestic and Residential Sprinkler Systems are a large part of our core work and we have been

involved in many different sizes and types of installations. These range from two sprinkler heads

within a flat to large new build properties plus five-storey town house retro-fit installations.

A lot of our work involves a practical (hands on) aspect. Installation of Fire and Smoke

Detection, smoke management and Fire Fighting Equipment. Simple fire blanket and smoke

detector for a rental property, larger fire alarm systems for HMO properties along with Fire

Extinguishers and Domestic/Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems.

Fire Risk Assessment, Fire Safety Training and Legislative Requirements can often be the items

that many companies let fall by the wayside. Learn how to conduct Full Fire Risk Assessment,

and bespoke Fire Safety Training no matter which industry or type of premises you occupy.

Install also Fire Alarm Systems and Fire Extinguishers for many types of retail, office and

commercial buildings also.

Talk to any fire consultant and expert through any fire safety related issues you may have. This

may be simply choosing the correct Fire Extinguisher or finding a Fire Engineered Solution to a

building standards matter where the need for upgraded Fire Alarm Systems or Fire Sprinklers

may need to be considered.

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Brands used for catering equipment in the UK

caterReputable restaurants and food centers use catering equipment that are designed with high level of precision and exercise. These kits are important materials for managing a good business. Many innovations are noticed in the course of preparing and serving cuisines to the customers. Hotel industry is booming and if you want to get your share in the pie you need to select the right catering gadget. But first and foremost you need to know what it is all about!

Different types of catering equipment (including cooking, oven and refrigeration equipment) are used in the hotels or food centers to make the method easy. Utensils, cutlery and tableware instruments, as we all know, are quite commonly found in the kitchens. There are many stores and shops that offer catering equipment. Catering kits suppliers specialize in certain areas, such as, crockery or refrigeration. Many dealers offer all the varieties of kitchen equipments. You can get all the required items from these dealers.

Food equipments are produced in many parts of the world. Some kits are made to meet the demands of the small workshops or workplaces whereas other kits are mass produced by the industries or factories and distributed all over the world. Manufacturers create kitchen equipments that differ in price and quality. Some fabrication types of equipments are manufactured in China. Some of these kits are available at affordable prices. But the buyers should consider many factors before purchasing these catering equipments. One should buy these items from a reputed dealer or supplier.

Catering equipments are used both for residential and commercial purposes. We can hardly do any work in the kitchen without certain equipments. Can you imagine working in a kitchen without a knife? It is almost impossible. With the change in trend and lifestyle, many highly improved quality catering equipments are out in the market. Consumers as well as businessmen are opting for these kits, with high technological innovations, to use them in their kitchens. Food service equipment are used by local authorities, homeowners, restaurants, hospitals and even in schools to prepare and serve the foods in a better way. There are some essential sectors where catering equipments are widely used. They can be grouped as; schools or other educational institutions, medical centers, offices, caterers, takeaways, bars, pubs and restaurants. Many other areas are also there where these catering equipments are used.

Local dealers used to sell catering equipments. They had contacts with the showrooms and warehouses in trading these items. Salesmen are also hired by many catering equipment companies to advertise their products by proper demonstration. This type of business process is quite expensive. Auctions were arranged to sell the second hand and new equipments. But in most cases, warranties were not given.

Nowadays people can buy these products online. It saves time and money. The concept of auction has become old. anyone can check out the designs and patterns of the items from the net. It is one of the convenient ways of purchasing an equipment for catering.


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What is Fire Evacuation Mask in the UK

mask onThe fire men use evacuation masks to get people out of burning houses or establishments. As every

second counts, it should be strongly recommended to private and companies to have evacuation masks

available. This will enable them to take immediate action if the smoke detector gives alarm signals. Thus

no valuable seconds will be lost’. ‘The Smoke mask is a useful supplement to the existing auxiliary tools.

As a result of the enormous smoke fumes, however, people often get panicky. It is obvious that smoke is

the number one enemy in fire. There dozens of people die due to the escape of noxious elements yearly.

The Smoke mask is one means of leaving the building fast and safely as the person’s lungs are protected.

Therefore people will remain calmer and may deal with the situation more effectively’. ‘Another

advantage of the Smoke mask is that it is easy to use. One has only to open the airtight tin-package and

pull it over one’s head. The filter is activated directly. Thus people will receive sufficient oxygen, they

will remain fully conscious and will be able to find the (emergency) exit. The Smoke mask has been

tested extensively and satisfies all demands. The mask is vacuum packed. It consists of fire resistant

material. Moreover it protects for at least 15 minutes. Experience has taught us that a quarter of an

hour is sufficient to escape safely from a burning building’.

Fire safety is of interest at present. Fast and efficient action is, of course, of vital importance. Preventive

measures such as smoke detectors, fire blankets and fire extinguishers all play an important role.

Nevertheless experience shows that it is the strong smoke fumes at the start of a fire which leads to

most fatalities. Smoke in the eyes, disorientation and the escape of poisonous gases hamper attempts to

leave a building in time. Moreover it is indispensable for a fast and a safe evacuation in the case of fire

or smoke fumes. The Smoke mask is resistant to a heat of 800 º Celsius. Thanks to the heat-resisting

visor the wearer’s vision remains unaffected. Thus the people can leave the building without panic.

The Smoke mask evacuation mask offers at least 15 minutes protection against the fast smoke fumes

and all escaping toxic gases according to the EN403 norm. The mask has been tested extensively. It

actually tested to over 60 minutes. The first purifying layer filters the smoke and soot particles. In the

second purifying filtration part the poisonous gases are stopped. Then remaining carbon monoxide is

converted into carbon dioxide by means of a catalyst. A final layer will then absorb this chemical

element. Within seconds one can breathe again safely.

Recent figures show that annually dozens of people die in fires. Moreover hundreds of people with

serious injuries will have to be hospitalised. The Smoke mask may change this. The evacuation mask is

appropriate for single only. The filter is guaranteed for five years after production. The presence of the

Smoke Mask is reassuring. However, by no means it is meant to replace the task of the professional fire

brigade. The Smoke mask only procures a safe and fast self-evacuation. At home and at school, in offices

and workshops, discos, hotels, health centres and other places where many people meet. For

international truck and bus drivers (tunnels) and businessmen (hotels) the presence of a Smoke mask

can be of vital importance.

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Emergency Escape Hood Oxygen Mask Respirator

Fire safety Awareness

A respirator is a device to protect you from inhaling dangerous substances, such as chemicals

and infectious particles. There are several different types of respirators, as described below.

Some company and consumers are considering buying an escape hoods or other respirators to

protect themselves against potential terrorist threats, including biological and chemical

substances. This guidance will provide information on what respirators are, how they work, and

what is needed for a respirator to provide protection.

If available and used correctly, a respirator can selectively reduce the exposure you might

otherwise receive. Respirators have been used for many years in the workplace, where employers

have programs to make sure the proper masks are selected and that the respirator fits. When

consumers use respirators, they dont have such support, so this fact sheet includes lots of

background information to help consumers understand the limitations and cautions that need to

be considered. The goal is to avoid unintended problems that might occur through lack of

understanding or a false sense of security.

As a first step, plan how to respond if an emergency happens. A respirator is only one small

part of that plan. There may be situations in which its simply best to stay where you are and

avoid any uncertainty outside, a process known as shelter-in- place, as a means of survival. Use

available information to assess the situation. If you see large amounts of debris in the air, or if

local authorities say the air is badly contaminated, you may want to take this kind of action.

Respiratory protection is effective only if:

ï‚· it’s available when you need it,

ï‚· the correct respirator is used,

ï‚· you know when and how to put it on and take it off, and

ï‚· you have stored it and kept it in working order in accordance with the manufacturers


Each type of respirator can come in a number of varieties, each with its own set of cautions,

limitations, and restrictions of use. Some respirators need testing to ensure a tight fit to the face,

and should not be used with facial hair. Others use a nose clip and mouthpiece, which is

clenched between your teeth, similar to a snorkel. a number of respirators prevent the user from

talking while others have speaking capabilities. Every respirator contaminated with hazardous

chemicals should be decontaminated and disposed of properly.

All respirators require training to be properly used. from time to time you can practice using

your own respirator. Some escape respirators come in a package that must remain sealed until

use, so you need to be trained using a special practice version. Training is extremely important

in regard to the storage, maintenance, use, and discarding of the respirator. This information is

provided by the supplier of the respirator (i.e. seller, distributor, or manufacturer).

If you do not use a respirator properly, it is very likely that it will not protect you-and may even